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Increased liking for a solution is not necessary for the attenuation of neophobia in rats

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Title: Increased liking for a solution is not necessary for the attenuation of neophobia in rats
Author(s): Neath, Karly N.; Limebeer, Cheryl L.; Reilly, Steve; Parker, Linda A.
Subject(s): Taste reactivity neophobia palatability latent inhibition rat
Abstract: Recent evidence suggests that liking and wanting of food rewards can be experimentally dissociated (e.g., Berridge, 1996); this dissociation extends to attenuated neophobia in the present study. Rats tend to eat less of a novel food than a familiar food, a phenomenon called neophobia. The present experiments evaluated whether attenuation of neophobia by prior exposure reflects enhanced liking of the flavor using the Taste Reactivity (TR) test. In Experiment 1, rats given five 10 sec TR trials with water or various concentrations of saccharin solution (0.1%, 0.2%, 0.5%) did not show a change in the number of hedonic reactions displayed across trials. However, in a subsequent consumption test from a bottle containing 0.25% saccharin solution, rats with no prior saccharin exposure (group water) consumed less than rats with prior saccharin exposure; that is they displayed neophobia. In Experiment 2, whether rats received five 10 sec TR trials with water or 0.5% saccharin solution, they did not display a difference in hedonic reactions to 0.25% saccharin solution in two 5 min TR test trials. These results suggest that the attenuation of neophobia is evidenced as an increase in the tendency to approach a bottle containing the flavored solution (wanting), but not as an enhanced liking of that solution.
Issue Date: 2010-06
Publisher: American Psychological Association
Citation Info: Neath, K. N., Limebeer, C. L., Reilly, S., & Parker, L. A. 2010. Increased Liking for a Solution Is Not Necessary for the Attenuation of Neophobia in Rats. Behavioral Neuroscience, 124(3): 398-404. DOI:10.1037/a0019505
Type: Article
Description: This article may not exactly replicate the final version published in the APA journal. It is not the copy of record. Copy of record at DOI:10.1037/a0019505
ISSN: 1939-0084
Date Available in INDIGO: 2011-01-09

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