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Acceptability of Medical Male Circumcision Among Uncircumcised Men in Kenya One Year After the Launch of the National Male Circumcision Program

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Title: Acceptability of Medical Male Circumcision Among Uncircumcised Men in Kenya One Year After the Launch of the National Male Circumcision Program
Author(s): Herman-Roloff, Amy; Otieno, Nixon; Agot, Kawango; Ndinya-Achola, Jeckoniah; Bailey, Robert C.
Subject(s): circumcision Kenya
Abstract: Background Numerous studies have demonstrated that male circumcision (MC) reduces the incidence of the Type-1 human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) among heterosexual men by at least half. Methods One year after the launch of a national Voluntary Medical Male Circumcision program in Kenya, this study conducted 12 focus group discussions among uncircumcised men in Nyanza Province to assess the revealed, non-hypothetical, facilitators and barriers to the uptake of MC. Results The primary barriers to MC uptake included time away from work; culture and religion; possible adverse events; and the post-surgical abstinence period. The primary facilitators of MC uptake included hygiene; social pressure; protection against HIV and other sexually transmitted infections; and improved sexual performance and satisfaction. Conclusions Some activities which might increase MC uptake include dispelling MC misconceptions; increasing involvement of religious leaders, women's groups, and peer mobilizers for MC promotion; and increasing the relevance of MC among men who are already practicing an HIV prevention method.
Issue Date: 2011-05-16
Publisher: Public Library of Science
Citation Info: Herman-Roloff, A., Otieno, N., Agot, K., Ndinya-Achola, J., & Bailey, R. C. 2011. Acceptability of medical male circumcision among uncircumcised men in kenya one year after the launch of the national male circumcision program. PLoS One, 6(5): e19814. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0019814.
Type: Article
Description: The original version is available through the Public Library of Science at DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0019814
ISSN: 1932-6203
Sponsor: Support for this study was provided by a grant to FHI from the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation to support the Male Circumcision Consortium, a partnership between FHI, University of Illinois at Chicago working closely with the Nyanza Reproductive Health Society, and EngenderHealth.
Date Available in INDIGO: 2012-03-01

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