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"Stayin' Alive": A Novel Mental Metronome to Maintain Compression Rates in Simulated Cardiac Arrests.

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Title: "Stayin' Alive": A Novel Mental Metronome to Maintain Compression Rates in Simulated Cardiac Arrests.
Author(s): Hafner, John W.; Sturgell, Jeremy L.; Matlock, David L.; Bockewitz, Elizabeth G.; Barker, Lisa T.
Abstract: Study Objectives: A novel and yet untested memory aid has anecdotally been proposed for aiding practitioners in complying with American Heart Association (AHA) CPR compression rate guidelines (at least 100 compressions per minute). This study investigates how subjects using this memory aid adhered to current CPR guidelines in the short and long term. Methods: A prospective observational study was conducted with medical providers certified in 2005 AHA guideline CPR. Subjects were randomly paired and alternated administering CPR compressions on a mannequin during a standardized cardiac arrest scenario. While performing compressions subjects listened to a digital recording of The Bee Gees song "Stayin' Alive", and were asked to time compressions to the musical beat. After at least five weeks, the participants were retested without directly listening to the recorded music. Attitudinal views were gathered using a post-session questionnaire. Results: Fifteen subjects (mean age 29.3 years, 66.7% resident physicians and 80% male) were enrolled. The mean compression rate during the primary assessment (with music) was 109.1 and during the secondary assessment (without music) was 113.2. Mean CPR compression rates did not vary by training level, CPR experience, or time to secondary assessment. Subjects felt utilizing the music improved their ability to provide CPR and felt more confident in performing CPR. Conclusions: Medical providers trained to use a novel musical memory aid effectively maintained AHA guideline CPR compression rates initially and in long term follow-up. Subjects felt the aid improved their technical abilities and confidence in providing CPR.
Issue Date: 2012-03
Publisher: Elsevier
Citation Info: Hafner JW, Sturgell JL, Matlock DL, Bockewitz EG, Barker LT. "Stayin' Alive": A Novel Mental Metronome to Maintain Compression Rates in Simulated Cardiac Arrests. Journal of Emergency Medicine. 2012 Mar 22. doi: 10.1016/j.jemermed.2012.01.026
Type: Article
Description: NOTICE: this is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Journal of Emergency Medicine . Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Journal of Emergency Medicine ,2012 DOI: 10.1016/j.jemermed.2012.01.026
ISSN: 0736-4679
Date Available in INDIGO: 2012-10-02

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