An Active 20-MHz to 2.5-GHz UWB Receiver Antenna System Using a TEM Horn

An ultrawideband receiver antenna system is proposed. The radiating element is a transverse electromagnetic horn antenna, featuring a negative impedance converter at lower frequencies. The voltage standing-wave ratio (VSWR) is less than 2.0 in the bandwidth from 20 MHz to 2.5 GHz. A good agreement between the measurements of the fabricated system and the simulated results is observed. Sample applications include direction finding, broadband communication systems, radar systems, and electromagnetic compatibility measurement systems.