Radio Frequency Tomography for Non-Destructive Testing of Pillars

Pillars represent some of the commonest supporting
elements of modern and historical buildings. Nondestructive
testing methods can be applied to gain information about
the status of these structural elements. Among them, ground
penetrating radar (GPR) is a popular diagnostic tool for the
assessment of concrete structures. Despite several theoretical and experimental studies on concrete structural evaluation by GPR have been reported, little work has been done so far with respect to pillars. Owing to their circular geometry, pillars are complex multiscattering environments, which render the interpretation of the radar images very challenging. This article deals with the application of radio frequency tomography as a nondestructive technique for imaging the inner structure of pillars. The main goal of the study is the assessment of the imaging performance that can be obtained in comparison to conventional GPR exploiting a multimonostatic configuration. Accordingly, potentialities and performance of multimonostatic
and multiview/multistatic measurement configurations are herein investigated in the inverse scattering framework. For each measurement configuration, the regularized reconstruction of a point-like target and the spectral content are evaluated. The data inversion is carried out by means of the truncated singular value decomposition scheme. Tomographic reconstructions based on full-wave synthetic data are shown to support the comparative analysis.