2018 RayAMI_Voltage bias effect on catalytic activity of Pt-TiO2 (Final Accepted).pdf (1.59 MB)
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A Voltage Bias Effect on Catalytic Activity of Electrically Continuous Pt/TiO2 Nanocomposites

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journal contribution
posted on 23.10.2018 by Nathan J. Ray, Eduard G. Karpov
Recently, efforts to optimize catalytic performance have included the utilization of catalytic nanoparticles with careful control over their shape and size, chemical composition, surface functionalization, and structural architecture. Here, we report direct measurements detailing the impact of applied external bias on the exothermic catalytic formation of water for a Pt/TiO2 nanocomposite under exposure to gaseous oxyhydrogen environments. As external voltages of opposite polarity are applied to the system, the surface temperature kinetics, total pressure kinetics within the analytical chamber, and water turnover frequency transition in a reproducible manner between two well-defined states, resulting in (1) decreased catalytic activity, (2) decreased initial molecular adsorption onto the Pt catalyst, and (3) lower rates of water production under negative voltage. These findings pave the road toward the realization of a catalytic switch that can be activated by applying a voltage to Schottky barrier systems to enhance or mitigate catalytic surface reactions.

Funding

This research was supported by the Center for Nanoscale Materials at Argonne National Laboratory. Use of the Center for Nanoscale Materials, an Office of Science user facility, was supported by the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Science, Office of Basic Energy Sciences, under Contract No. DE-AC02-06CH11357.

History

Publisher Statement

This is the pre-peer reviewed version of the following article: Ray, N. J., & Karpov, E. G. (2018). A Voltage Bias Effect on Catalytic Activity of Electrically Continuous Pt/TiO2 Nanocomposites. Advanced Materials Interfaces, 5(13). doi:10.1002/admi.201800089, which has been published in final form at doi:10.1002/admi.201800089.

Citation

Ray, N. J., & Karpov, E. G. (2018). A Voltage Bias Effect on Catalytic Activity of Electrically Continuous Pt/TiO2 Nanocomposites. Advanced Materials Interfaces, 5(13). doi:10.1002/admi.201800089

Publisher

Wiley

Language

en

issn

2196-7350

Issue date

02/05/2018

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