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The Relationship between Walkable Communities and Adolescent Weight

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journal contribution
posted on 26.11.2013 by Sandy J. Slater, Lisa Nicholson, Jamie Chriqui, Dianne Barker, Frank J. Chaloupka, Lloyd D. Johnston
Objective: This study examined the association between walkability and adolescent weight in a 26 national sample of public secondary school students and the communities in which they live. Methods: Data were collected through student surveys and community observations between 28 February and August 2010, and analyses were conducted in spring 2012. The sample size was 29 154 communities and 11,041 students. A community walkability index and measures of the 30 prevalence of adolescent overweight and obesity were constructed. Multivariable analyses from a cross-sectional survey of a nationally representative sample of 8th, 10th and 12th 31 grade public 32 school students in the US were run. Results: The odds of students being overweight (OR, 0.975; 33 95% CI: 0.94, 0.99) or obese (OR, 0.971; 95% CI: 0.94, 0.99) decreased if they lived in 34 communities with higher walkability index scores. Conclusions: Results suggest that living in 35 more walkable communities is associated with reduced prevalence of adolescent overweight and 36 obesity.




The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation to the Bridging 202 the Gap Program at the University of Illinois at Chicago. Dr. Slater’s time for this study was 203 supported in part by a grant from the National Institute on Child Health and Human 204 Development: Grant number K00 HD055033. Monitoring the Future is supported by the 205 National Institute on Drug Abuse


Publisher Statement

NOTICE: This is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in American Journal of Preventive Medicine. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in American Journal of Preventive Medicine, [Vol 44, Issue 2, 2013] DOI: 10.1016/j.amepre.2012.10.015


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