The use of proteomics studies in identifying moonlighting proteins
journal contributionposted on 16.11.2018 by Constance Jeffery
Any type of content formally published in an academic journal, usually following a peer-review process.
Proteomics studies that characterize hundreds or thousands of proteins in parallel can play an important part in the identification of moonlighting proteins, proteins that perform two or more distinct and physiologically relevant biochemical or biophysical functions. Functional assays, including ligand binding assays, can find a surprising second function for a protein that was previously identified as performing a different function, for example, a DNA binding ability for an enzyme in amino acid metabolism. The results of large scale assays of protein-protein interactions, gene knockouts, or subcellular protein localizations, or bioinformatics analysis of amino acid sequences and three-dimensional structures, can also be used to predict that a protein has additional functions, but in these cases it is important to use biochemical and biophysical methods to confirm the protein can perform each function.