Universality of Plasmon Excitations in Dirac Semimetals
journal contributionposted on 29.08.2016 by D. E. Kharzeev, R. D. Pisarski, H. U. Yee
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We investigate the properties of the collective plasmon excitations in Dirac semimetals by using the methods of relativistic field theory. We find a strong and narrow plasmon excitation whose frequency is in the terahertz (THz) range which may be important for practical applications. The properties of the plasmon appear universal for all Dirac semimetals, due to the large degeneracy of the quasiparticles and the small Fermi velocity, vFc. This universality is closely analogous to the phenomenon of "dimensional transmutation" that is responsible for the emergence of dimensionful scales in relativistic field theories such as quantum chromodynamics.