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A Scoping Review of Associations Between Cannabis Use and Anxiety in Adolescents and Young Adults

journal contribution
posted on 11.11.2022, 22:45 authored by Colleen Stiles-Shields, Joseph Archer, Jim Zhang, Amanda Burnside, Janel Draxler, Lauren M Potthoff, Karen M Reyes, Faith Summersett Williams, Jennifer Westrick, Niranjan S Karnik
Cannabis and anxiety are both rising issues that impact young people. This review seeks to explore the association between anxiety and cannabis in adolescents and young adults (AYA). A database search was run retrospectively from July 2020 through calendar year 2013. Articles had to present outcomes examining cannabis use and symptoms of anxiety, be written in English, contain samples with ≥ 50% who are age 25 or younger, and be published in a peer-reviewed journal. Forty-seven studies were identified that examined the relationship between anxiety and cannabis use. Twenty-three studies found a positive association that greater anxiety among AYA was associated with greater cannabis use. In contrast, seven studies found a negative association that greater anxiety was related to less cannabis use. And finally, 17 studies found no clear association between anxiety and cannabis use. Further research is needed to better understand the relationship between anxiety and cannabis use.

Funding

Great Lakes Node of the Drug Abuse Clinical Trials Network | Funder: National Institutes of Health (National Institute on Drug Abuse) | Grant ID: UG1DA049467

Employing eSBI in a Community-based HIV Testing Environment for At-risk Youth | Funder: National Institute on Drug Abuse | Grant ID: R01DA041071

History

Citation

Stiles-Shields, C., Archer, J., Zhang, J., Burnside, A., Draxler, J., Potthoff, L. M., Reyes, K. M., Summersett Williams, F., Westrick, J.Karnik, N. S. (2021). A Scoping Review of Associations Between Cannabis Use and Anxiety in Adolescents and Young Adults. Child Psychiatry & Human Development, 1-20. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10578-021-01280-w

Publisher

Springer Science and Business Media LLC

Language

en

issn

0009-398X