Ankle Dorsiflexion, Not Plantarflexion Strength, Predicts the Functional Modility of People with Spastic Hemiplegia
journal contributionposted on 2014-02-10, 00:00 authored by Shamay S. M. Ng, Christina W. Y. Hui-Chan
Objective: To determine the relationships between affected ankle dorsiflexion strength, other ankle muscle strength measurements, plantarflexor spasticity, and Timed "Up & Go" (TUG) times in people with spastic hemiplegia after stroke. Design: A cross-sectional study. Setting: A university-based rehabilitation centre. Participants: Seventy-three subjects with spastic hemiplegia. Main outcome measures: Functional mobility was assessed using TUG times. Plantarflexor spasticity was measured using the Composite Spasticity Scale. Affected and unaffected ankle dorsiflexion and plantarflexion strength were recorded using a load-cell mounted on a foot support with the knee bent at 50 degrees and subjects in supine lying. Results: TUG times demonstrated strong negative correlation with affected ankle dorsiflexion strength (r=-0.67, p <= 0.001) and weak negative correlations with other ankle muscle strength measurements (r=-0.28 to -0.31, p <= 0.05), but no significant correlation with plantarflexor spasticity. A linear regression model showed that affected ankle dorsiflexion strength was independently associated with TUG times and accounted for 27.5% of the variance. The whole model explained 47.5% of the variance in TUG times. Conclusion: Affected ankle dorsiflexion strength is a crucial component in determining the TUG performance, which is thought to reflect functional mobility in subjects with spastic hemiplegia.