Anomalous strain energy transformation pathways in mechanical metamaterials
journal contributionposted on 24.06.2021, 21:43 by Eduard Karpov, LA Danso, JT Klein
This discussion starts with a mechanics version of Parseval's energy theorem applicable to any discrete lattice material with periodic internal structure: a microtruss, grid, frame, origami or tessellation. It provides a simple relationship between the strain energy volumetric/usual and spectral distributions in the reciprocal space. The spectral energy distribution leads directly to a spectral entropy of lattice deformation (Shannon's type), whose variance with a material coordinate represents the decrease of information about surface loads in the material interior. Spectral entropy is also a basic measure of complexity of mechanical responses of metamaterials to surface and body loads. Considering transformation of the energy volumetric and spectral distributions with a material coordinate pointed away from a surface load, several interesting anomalies are seen even for simple lattice materials, when compared to continuum materials. These anomalies include selective filtering of surface Raleigh waves (sinusoidal pressure patterns), Saint-Venant effect inversion illustrated by energy spectral distribution contours, occurrence of 'hiding pockets' of low deformation, and redirection of strain energy maximum away from axis of a concentrated surface load. The latter phenomenon can be significant for impact protection applications of mechanical metamaterials.
Structural Metamaterials with Saint-Venant Edge Effect Reversal for Static Load Pattern Modification and Recognition
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