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Creation and validation of the anti-racism efficacy measure: factor analysis and measurement invariance

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posted on 2023-06-21, 16:52 authored by Rob Eschmann, Julian ThompsonJulian Thompson, Allen G Harbaugh, Phillipe Copeland

This study develops and validates the Anti-Racism Efficacy Scale (A-RES), a 4-item measure that examines (1) competence, or self-rated ability to challenge racism and (2) impact, the degree to which an individual believes they may create change in working against racism. Drawing on a sample of 1322 college students, including 26.6% White, 20.6% Black, 17.1% Latinx, 25.3% Asian or Pacific Islander, 1.2% American Indian, and 9.3% indicating either nothing, other or more than one racial grouping, we test for measurement invariance, conduct a factor analysis, and use ANOVA to compare factor scores by racial grouping. Past literature on antiracism has either not focused explicitly on efficacy, or has not developed means to measure it. The A-RES scale assesses the extent to which individuals feel they are capable of exerting some impact on racism in society.

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Citation

Eschmann, R., Thompson, J. G., Harbaugh, A. G.Copeland, P. (n.d.). Creation and validation of the anti-racism efficacy measure: factor analysis and measurement invariance. SN Social Sciences, 3(4), 66-. https://doi.org/10.1007/s43545-023-00645-3

Publisher

Springer Nature

Language

  • en

issn

2662-9283

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