Essential Self-adjointness of Symmetric First-Order Differential Systems and Confinement of Dirac Particles on Bounded Domains in Rd
journal contributionposted on 06.04.2022, 17:33 authored by Gheorghe Nenciu, Irina NenciuIrina Nenciu, Ryan Obermeyer
We prove essential self-adjointness of Dirac operators with Lorentz scalar potentials which grow sufficiently fast near the boundary ∂Ω of the spatial domain Ω ⊂ Rd. On the way, we first consider general symmetric first order differential systems, for which we identify a new, large class of potentials, called scalar potentials, ensuring essential self-adjointness. Furthermore, using the supersymmetric structure of the Dirac operator in the two dimensional case, we prove confinement of Dirac particles, i.e. essential self-adjointness of the operator, solely by magnetic fields B assumed to grow, near ∂Ω , faster than 1 / (2 dist (x, ∂Ω) 2).