University of Illinois at Chicago
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Etoposide-induced DNA damage is increased in p53 mutants: identification of ATR and other genes that influence effects of p53 mutations on Top2-induced cytotoxicity

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posted on 2024-05-20, 23:38 authored by Daniel Menendez, Jay R Anand, Carri C Murphy, Whitney J Bell, Jiaqi Fu, Nadia Slepushkina, Eugen Buehler, Scott E Martin, Madhu Lal-Nag, John NitissJohn Nitiss, Michael A Resnick
The functional status of the tumor suppressor p53 is a critical component in determining the sensitivity of cancer cells to many chemotherapeutic agents. DNA topoisomerase II (Top2) plays essential roles in DNA metabolism and is the target of FDA approved chemotherapeutic agents. Topoisomerase targeting drugs convert the enzyme into a DNA damaging agent and p53 influences cellular responses to these agents. We assessed the impact of the loss of p53 function on the formation of DNA damage induced by the Top2 poison etoposide. Using human HCT116 cells, we found resistance to etoposide in cell growth assays upon the functional loss of p53. Nonetheless, cells lacking fully functional p53 were etoposide hypersensitive in clonogenic survival assays. This complex role of p53 led us to directly examine the effects of p53 status on topoisomerase-induced DNA damage. A deficiency in functional p53 resulted in elevated levels of the Top2 covalent complexes (Top2cc) in multiple cell lines. Employing genome-wide siRNA screens, we identified a set of genes for which reduced expression resulted in enhanced synthetic lethality upon etoposide treatment of p53 defective cells. We focused on one hit from this screen, ATR, and showed that decreased expression sensitized the p53-defective cells to etoposide in all assays and generated elevated levels of Top2cc in both p53 proficient and deficient cells. Our findings suggest that a combination of etoposide treatment with functional inactivation of DNA repair in p53 defective cells could be used to enhance the therapeutic efficacy of Top2 targeting agents.

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Citation

Menendez, D., Anand, J. R., Murphy, C. C., Bell, W. J., Fu, J., Slepushkina, N., Buehler, E., Martin, S. E., Lal-Nag, M., Nitiss, J. L.Resnick, M. A. (2022). Etoposide-induced DNA damage is increased in p53 mutants: identification of ATR and other genes that influence effects of p53 mutations on Top2-induced cytotoxicity. Oncotarget, 13(1), 332-346. https://doi.org/10.18632/oncotarget.28195

Publisher

Impact Journals

Language

  • en

issn

1949-2553