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Fresnel–Kirchhoff Integral for 2-D and 3-D Path Loss in Outdoor Urban Environments

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journal contribution
posted on 2014-02-05, 00:00 authored by Xu Ying, Qiwu Tan, Danilo Erricolo, Piergiorgio L.E. Uslenghi
A deterministic model for propagation in outdoor urban environments based on the Fresnel–Kirchhoff integral is presented. Both two-dimensional (2-D) and three-dimensional (3-D) formulations considering reflection and diffraction are given. The theoretical predictions are compared with 2-D and 3-D measurements and good agreement is achieved. The 3-D experiments, conducted in an anechoic chamber with scaled models representing buildings, are described in detail and provide a benchmark for comparisons with other methods.


This research was supported in part by a grant from the Andrew Foundation.


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