Fresnel–Kirchhoff Integral for 2-D and 3-D Path Loss in Outdoor Urban Environments
journal contributionposted on 05.02.2014, 00:00 by Xu Ying, Qiwu Tan, Danilo Erricolo, Piergiorgio L.E. Uslenghi
A deterministic model for propagation in outdoor urban environments based on the Fresnel–Kirchhoff integral is presented. Both two-dimensional (2-D) and three-dimensional (3-D) formulations considering reflection and diffraction are given. The theoretical predictions are compared with 2-D and 3-D measurements and good agreement is achieved. The 3-D experiments, conducted in an anechoic chamber with scaled models representing buildings, are described in detail and provide a benchmark for comparisons with other methods.