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Fresnel–Kirchhoff Integral for 2-D and 3-D Path Loss in Outdoor Urban Environments

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journal contribution
posted on 05.02.2014, 00:00 by Xu Ying, Qiwu Tan, Danilo Erricolo, Piergiorgio L.E. Uslenghi
A deterministic model for propagation in outdoor urban environments based on the Fresnel–Kirchhoff integral is presented. Both two-dimensional (2-D) and three-dimensional (3-D) formulations considering reflection and diffraction are given. The theoretical predictions are compared with 2-D and 3-D measurements and good agreement is achieved. The 3-D experiments, conducted in an anechoic chamber with scaled models representing buildings, are described in detail and provide a benchmark for comparisons with other methods.

Funding

This research was supported in part by a grant from the Andrew Foundation.

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Publisher Statement

© 2014 IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. Permission from IEEE must be obtained for all other users, including reprinting/ republishing this material for advertising or promotional purposes, creating new collective works for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or reuse of any copyrighted components of this work in other works.

Publisher

Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers

Language

en_US

issn

0018-926X

Issue date

01/11/2005

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