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Highly transparent, conducting, body-attachable metallized fibers as a flexible and stretchable film
journal contributionposted on 08.06.2019, 00:00 by Yong Il Kim, Seongpil An, Min-Woo Kim, Hong-Seok Jo, Tae-Gun Kim, Mark T. Swihart, Alexander L. Yarin, Sam S. Yoon
Core–shell-structured silver-electroplated nickel microfibers were fabricated via electrospinning and subsequent electroplating for applications including transparent conductive films (TCFs) and heaters. The fabrication protocol generated self-fused junctions at the intersections of overlapping micro-nanofibers, yielding remarkably high electrical conductivity, which is highly desirable for the aforementioned applications. A very low sheet resistance of less than 0.2 Ω sq−1 with a high transmittance of over 92% was achieved in these structures. A cactus-like morphology of silver-plated microfibers, which dramatically increases surface-to-volume (S/V) ratio which should produce electric field concentration at silver nanowire tips, was also demonstrated. This unique surface morphology could be promising for energy and environmental applications that require large interfacial areas and electric field concentration, but yielded lower transmittance. These cactus-like microfibers could be further coated with Cu and Pt to produce hierarchically-structured multimetallic microfibers. The low-resistivity transparent silver micro-nanofiber films exhibited good heating and mechanical properties, as demonstrated in bending and stretching tests. A record high temperature of 209 C was achieved with a transparent heater based on the Ag microfibers.