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Is degree of chronic illness management in heart transplant centers associated with better patient survival? Findings from the intercontinental BRIGHT study

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posted on 2023-01-09, 23:17 authored by Maan Isabella CajitaMaan Isabella Cajita, Kris Denhaerynck, Lut Berben, Fabienne Dobbels, Johan Van Cleemput, Maria Crespo-Leiro, Jan Van Keer, Alain Jean Poncelet, Cynthia Russell, Sabina De Geest
Purpose: To explore the association between the degree of Chronic illness management and survival rates at 1-, 3-, 5-years post heart transplantation. Methods: Exploratory secondary analysis of a cross-sectional, international study (Building Research Initiative Group study). Latent profile analysis was performed to classify 36 heart transplant centers according to the degree of chronic illness management. Results: The analysis resulted in 2 classes with 29 centers classified as “low-degree chronic illness management” and 7 centers as “high-degree chronic illness management”. After 1-year posttransplantation, the high-degree chronic illness management class had a significantly greater mean survival rate compared to the low-degree chronic illness management class (88.4% vs 84.2%, p = 0.045) and the difference had a medium effect size (η2 =.06). No difference in survival for the other time points was observed. Patients in high-degree chronic illness management centers had 52% lower odds of moderate to severe drinking (95% confidence interval.30–.78, p = 0.003). No significant associations between degree of chronic illness management and the other recommended health behaviors were observed. Conclusions: The findings from this exploratory study offer preliminary insight into a system-level pathway (chronic illness management) for improving outcomes for heart transplant recipients. The signals observed in our data support further investigation into the effectiveness of chronic illness management-based interventions in heart transplant follow-up care.

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Citation

Cajita, M. I., Denhaerynck, K., Berben, L., Dobbels, F., Van Cleemput, J., Crespo-Leiro, M., Van Keer, J., Poncelet, A. J., Russell, C.De Geest, S. (2022). Is degree of chronic illness management in heart transplant centers associated with better patient survival? Findings from the intercontinental BRIGHT study. Chronic Illness, 18(4), 806-817. https://doi.org/10.1177/17423953211039773

Publisher

SAGE Publications

Language

en

issn

1742-3953