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Joint use policies: are they related to adolescent behavior?

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journal contribution
posted on 07.01.2017, 00:00 by S. Slater, J. Chriqui, F.J. Chaloupka, L. Johnston
OBJECTIVE: Joint use policies (JUP) encourage shared facility use, usually between schools and a city or private organization, for both physical activity-related and non-physical activity-related programs. Little is known about JUP's impact on physical activity (PA). This study examined whether more specific JUPs were associated with increased PA and decreased sedentary behavior (SB) in adolescents. METHODS: Data on PA, sports participation, and SB were taken from annual cross-sectional nationally representative samples of 51,269 8th, 10th and 12th grade public school students nested in 461 school districts in the US from 2009-2011. JUP measures were constructed using information obtained from corresponding school district JU policies. Multivariable analyses were conducted, controlling for individual demographic and socioeconomic characteristics and clustering at the district level. RESULTS: Results showed small associations between more specific JUPs and increased PA (IRR 1.01, 95% CI: 1.00, 1.02). Closer examination of specific JUP provisions indicates that specifying what times facilities are available for use was associated with vigorous exercise and prioritizing school or affiliated organizations' use and which spaces were available for use were associated with vigorous exercise and more frequent PA participation, which includes participation in sports or athletics. No associations were found between more specific JUPs and SB. CONCLUSIONS: JUPS may have small influences on adolescent physical activity behavior. Future longitudinal studies should be conducted to examine the impact of JUPs in conjunction with other physical activity-related policies and environmental changes to determine what impact they have on overall adolescent physical activity and sedentary behavior.

Funding

Grant Support R00 HD055033/HD/NICHD NIH HHS/United States R00 HD055033/HD/NICHD NIH HHS/United States R01 DA001411/DA/NIDA NIH HHS/United States R01 DA01411/DA/NIDA NIH HHS/United States

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Publisher Statement

This is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Preventive Medicine. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Preventive Medicine, 2014. 69: S37-S43. 10.1016/j.ypmed.2014.08.032. Author post print- Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial No Derivatives License

Publisher

Elsevier

issn

0091-7435)

Issue date

01/12/2014

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