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Local low‐intensity vibration improves healing of muscle injury in mice

journal contribution
posted on 03.06.2022, 19:16 authored by Thomas F Corbiere, Timothy KohTimothy Koh
Recovery from traumatic muscle injuries is typically prolonged and incomplete. Our previous study demonstrated that whole-body low-intensity vibration (LIV) enhances healing in a mouse laceration model. We sought to determine whether locally applied LIV (a) improves muscle repair following injury in mice and (b) is directly transduced by cultured muscle cells, via increased IGF-1 activity. C57BL/6J mice were subjected to laceration of the gastrocnemius muscle and were treated with LIV applied directly to the lower leg for 30 min/day or non-LIV sham treatment (controls) for 7 or 14 days. LIV was also applied to differentiating myotubes in culture for 30 min/day for 3 or 6 days. Compared with control mice, LIV increased myofiber cross-sectional area, diameter, and percent area of peripherally nucleated fibers, and decreased percent damaged area after 14 days of treatment. In cultured myotubes, LIV increased fusion and diameter compared with controls after 6 days of treatment. These LIV-induced effects were associated with increased total Akt on day 7 in injured muscle and on day 3 in myotubes, whereas phosphorylated-to-total Akt ratio increased on day 14 in injured muscle and on day 6 in myotubes but were not associated with increased IGF-1 levels at any time point. These changes were also associated with LIV-induced suppression of FOXO1 and Atrogin-1 gene expression at day 7 in injured muscle. These findings demonstrate that muscle cells can directly transduce LIV signals into increased growth and differentiation, and this effect is associated with increased Akt signaling.

Funding

Low-Intensity Vibration As A Treatment For Traumatic Muscle Injury | Funder: US Department of Defense | Grant ID: W81XWH-14-1-0281

History

Citation

Corbiere, T. F.Koh, T. J. (2020). Local low‐intensity vibration improves healing of muscle injury in mice. Physiological Reports, 8(2), e14356-. https://doi.org/10.14814/phy2.14356

Publisher

Wiley

Language

en

issn

2051-817X