Neurocognitive performance in drug dependent males and females with PTSD symptoms
journal contributionposted on 06.12.2013, 00:00 by Jessica L. Paxton, Jasmin Vassileva, Raul Gonzalez, Pauline M. Maki, Eileen M. Martin
Sex differences in neurobiological mechanisms of substance dependence are well documented but studies of sex differences in associated neurocognitive deficits have produced inconsistent results. PTSD is comorbid with substance dependence and frequently affects neurocognition. Thus, we investigated the effects of sex and PTSD symptoms on sustained attention and inhibition abilities among 126 female and 297 male substance dependent individuals (SDIs) using the Immediate Memory Test (IMT). Females with significant PTSD (PTSD+) symptoms demonstrated significantly impaired IMT performance relative to other participants. These results represent progress in efforts to delineate sex-specific risk factors for neurocognitive deficits among SDIs.