Neurocognitive performance in drug dependent males and females with PTSD symptoms
journal contributionposted on 2013-12-06, 00:00 authored by Jessica L. Paxton, Jasmin Vassileva, Raul Gonzalez, Pauline M. Maki, Eileen M. Martin
Sex differences in neurobiological mechanisms of substance dependence are well documented but studies of sex differences in associated neurocognitive deficits have produced inconsistent results. PTSD is comorbid with substance dependence and frequently affects neurocognition. Thus, we investigated the effects of sex and PTSD symptoms on sustained attention and inhibition abilities among 126 female and 297 male substance dependent individuals (SDIs) using the Immediate Memory Test (IMT). Females with significant PTSD (PTSD+) symptoms demonstrated significantly impaired IMT performance relative to other participants. These results represent progress in efforts to delineate sex-specific risk factors for neurocognitive deficits among SDIs.
Publisher StatementPost print version of article may differ from published version. This is an electronic version of an article published in Paxton JL, Vassileva J, Gonzalez R, Maki PM, Martin EM. Neurocognitive performance in drug-dependent males and females with posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms. Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology . 2012;34(5):521-30. Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology is available online at: http://www.informaworld.com/smpp/ DOI:10.1080/13803395.2012.665436
PublisherTaylor & Francis