Proposed mechanism for lipoprotein remodelling in the brain
journal contributionposted on 10.01.2011, 00:00 authored by Chunjiang Yu, Katherine L. Youmans, Mary J. LaDu
Lipoprotein remodelling in the periphery has been extensively studied. For example, the processing of nascent apoAI particles to cholesterol-loaded HDL lipoproteins during reverse cholesterol transport involves a series of enzymes, transporters in peripheral tissue, as well as other apolipoproteins and lipoproteins. These extensive modifications and interconversions are well defined. Here, we present the hypothesis that a similar process occurs within the blood brain barrier (BBB) via glia-secreted lipid-poor apoE particles undergoing remodelling to become mature central nervous system (CNS) lipoproteins. We further pose several pressing issues and future directions for the study of lipoproteins in the brain.