Smartphone-based imaging of the corneal endothelium at sub-cellular resolution
journal contributionposted on 20.06.2018, 00:00 authored by Devrim Toslak, Damber Thapa, Muhammet K. Erol, Yanjun Chen, Xincheng Yao
This aim of this study was to test the feasibility of smartphone-based specular microscopy of the corneal endothelium at a sub-cellular resolution. Quantitative examination of endothelial cells is essential for evaluating corneal disease such as determining a diagnosis, monitoring progression, and assessing treatment. Smartphone based technology promises a new opportunity to develop affordable devices to foster quantitative examination of endothelial cells in rural and underserved areas. In our study, we incorporated an iPhone 6 and a slit lamp to demonstrate the feasibility of smartphone-based microscopy of the corneal endothelium at a sub-cellular resolution. The sub-cellular resolution images allowed quantitative calculation of the endothelial cell density. Comparative measurements revealed a normal endothelial cell density of 2,978 cells/mm2 in the healthy cornea, and a significantly reduced cell density of 1,466 cells/mm2 in the diseased cornea with Fuchs distrophy. Our ultimate goal is to develop a smartphone-based telemedicine device for low-cost examination of the corneal endothelium, which can benefit patients in rural areas and underdeveloped countries to reduce healthcare disparities.