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TURAN PROBLEMS AND SHADOWS III: EXPANSIONS OF ´ GRAPHS

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journal contribution
posted on 01.02.2016, 00:00 by A. KOSTOCHKA, D. MUBAYI, J. VERSTRAETE
The expansion G+ of a graph G is the 3-uniform hypergraph obtained from G by enlarging each edge of G with a new vertex disjoint from V (G) such that distinct edges are enlarged by distinct vertices. Let ex3(n, F) denote the maximum number of edges in a 3-uniform hypergraph with n vertices not containing any copy of a 3-uniform hypergraph F. The study of ex3(n, G+) includes some well-researched problems, including the case that F consists of k disjoint edges, G is a triangle, G is a path or cycle, and G is a tree. In this paper we initiate a broader study of the behavior of ex3(n, G+). Specifically, we show ex3(n, K+ s,t) = Θ(n3−3/s) whenever t > (s − 1)! and s ≥ 3. One of the main open problems is to determine for which graphs G the quantity ex3(n, G+) is quadratic in n. We show that this occurs when G is any bipartite graph with Tur´an number o(nϕ) where ϕ = 1+√5 2 , and in particular this shows ex3(n, G+) = O(n2) when G is the three-dimensional cube graph

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Publisher Statement

This is the copy of an article published in the Siam Journal on Discrete Mathematics © 2015 Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics Publications.

Publisher

Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics

issn

0895-4801

Issue date

30/04/2015

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