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The Burden of Post-Translational Modification (PTM)—Disrupting Mutations in the Tumor Matrisome

journal contribution
posted on 2022-11-03, 20:49 authored by Elisa Holstein, Annalena Dittmann, Anni Kääriäinen, Vilma Pesola, Jarkko Koivunen, Taina Pihlajaniemi, Alexandra NabaAlexandra Naba, Valerio Izzi
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the occurrence of mutations affecting post-translational modification (PTM) sites in matrisome genes across different tumor types, in light of their genomic and functional contexts and in comparison with the rest of the genome. METHODS: This study spans 9075 tumor samples and 32 tumor types from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) Pan-Cancer cohort and identifies 151,088 non-silent mutations in the coding regions of the matrisome, of which 1811 affecting known sites of hydroxylation, phosphorylation, N- and O-glycosylation, acetylation, ubiquitylation, sumoylation and methylation PTM. RESULTS: PTM-disruptive mutations (PTMmut) in the matrisome are less frequent than in the rest of the genome, seem independent of cell-of-origin patterns but show dependence on the nature of the matrisome protein affected and the background PTM types it generally harbors. Also, matrisome PTMmut are often found among structural and functional protein regions and in proteins involved in homo- and heterotypic interactions, suggesting potential disruption of matrisome functions. CONCLUSIONS: Though quantitatively minoritarian in the spectrum of matrisome mutations, PTMmut show distinctive features and damaging potential which might concur to deregulated structural, functional, and signaling networks in the tumor microenvironment.



Holstein, E., Dittmann, A., Kääriäinen, A., Pesola, V., Koivunen, J., Pihlajaniemi, T., Naba, A.Izzi, V. (2021). The Burden of Post-Translational Modification (PTM)—Disrupting Mutations in the Tumor Matrisome. Cancers, 13(5), 1081-.




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