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A Schema-Based Account of a Negativity Bias in Collective Future Thinking

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posted on 01.08.2021, 00:00 by Sushmita Shrikanth
Robust evidence suggests that personal and collective future thinking are dissociable by valence, yet there lacks a theoretical basis for these findings. Presently, a false memory paradigm was used to test whether people possess a negatively-biased collective schema that renders negative news information more familiar compared to positive news information. Though Experiment 1 were non-significant, Experiments 2 and 3 found people displayed better memory for negative news headlines, while false alarm rates for negative news headlines emerged after a delay. Further, people tended to remember more positive life-script information, aligning with the previously found valence-based dissociation between personal and collective prospection. Findings are interpreted within a schema theory framework, and future directions are discussed.

History

Advisor

Goldman, Susan

Chair

Goldman, Susan

Department

Psychology

Degree Grantor

University of Illinois at Chicago

Degree Level

Doctoral

Degree name

PhD, Doctor of Philosophy

Committee Member

Szpunar, Karl Cervone, Dan Leshikar, Eric Pellegrino, Jim

Submitted date

August 2021

Thesis type

application/pdf

Language

en

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