A Schema-Based Account of a Negativity Bias in Collective Future Thinking
thesisposted on 2021-08-01, 00:00 authored by Sushmita Shrikanth
Robust evidence suggests that personal and collective future thinking are dissociable by valence, yet there lacks a theoretical basis for these findings. Presently, a false memory paradigm was used to test whether people possess a negatively-biased collective schema that renders negative news information more familiar compared to positive news information. Though Experiment 1 were non-significant, Experiments 2 and 3 found people displayed better memory for negative news headlines, while false alarm rates for negative news headlines emerged after a delay. Further, people tended to remember more positive life-script information, aligning with the previously found valence-based dissociation between personal and collective prospection. Findings are interpreted within a schema theory framework, and future directions are discussed.
Degree GrantorUniversity of Illinois at Chicago
Degree namePhD, Doctor of Philosophy
Committee MemberSzpunar, Karl Cervone, Dan Leshikar, Eric Pellegrino, Jim
Submitted dateAugust 2021