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Adolescents’ Perceptions of E-Cigarette Use and its Impact on Health

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posted on 01.08.2021, 00:00 authored by Eun Jung Cho
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify whether adolescents who were aware of e-cigarette or vaping product use-associated lung injury (EVALI) were more likely to view e-cigarette use as harmful to their health and to describe the misconceptions adolescents may have regarding e-cigarette use. Methods: Adolescents aged 13-19 were recruited in pediatric dental clinics and completed a survey questionnaire regarding their knowledge of e-cigarettes. Results: A total of 66 adolescents participated. Forty-seven adolescents indicated knowledge of e-cigarettes. Forty adolescents recognized that most e-cigarettes contain nicotine and 49 adolescents reported knowledge of EVALI cases. Adolescents with knowledge of EVALI have increased awareness of possible lung damage from e-cigarette use (p=.001). Furthermore, adolescents with knowledge of EVALI cases are more aware that e-cigarettes contain nicotine (p=.049). Conclusions: Adolescents with knowledge of EVALI cases have increased awareness of lung damage resulting from e-cigarette use and are more likely to view e-cigarette use as harmful to their health. Furthermore, those who are aware of EVALI cases are more likely to recognize that e-cigarettes contain nicotine, which is known to be addictive and can cause long-term neurochemical changes in the brain. Targeted interventions to increase awareness regarding the harmful effects of e-cigarettes on health is needed to better address e-cigarette use in adolescents.

History

Advisor

Hill, Brittaney

Chair

Hill, Brittaney

Department

Pediatric Dentistry

Degree Grantor

University of Illinois at Chicago

Degree Level

Masters

Degree name

MS, Master of Science

Committee Member

Le Hew, Charles Rahmandar, Maria Fadavi, Shahrbanoo

Submitted date

August 2021

Thesis type

application/pdf

Language

en

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