Contribution of Interface Acoustic Phonons and Remote-polar Phonons in the Hole Mobility of Diamond
thesisposted on 01.08.2019 by Giorgio Bonomo
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The present work is focused on the formulation of the relaxation time due to the hole--surface-acoustic phonon and hole--remote-polar phonon scattering mechanisms in mesoscopic diamond-based devices. First of all, an introduction on the promising role of diamond in the realization of high power and high frequency devices is given, together with a focus on the current difficulties and attempts in the understanding and fabrication of devices based on this material. An extensive study on the existence of surface waves in such structures follows, in order to understand which surface-acoustic modes are possible; this is followed by the quantization of these waves in order to take into account the reduced number of phonons in a nanoscale structure, the formulation of the interaction Hamiltonian, and the final calculation of the relaxation time through Fermi Golden Rule. Then, the insertion of an upper layer constituted by a wide-band gap material such as AlN or BN on top of diamond is analyzed. This procedure, performed for the realization of various types of FETs, causes a potential due to the interface-optical phonon modes in the upper layer, usually constituted by a polar material, that decays into diamond, resulting in the existence of a remote polar phonon potential in the material. This leads to an interaction Hamiltonian in diamond due to its decaying phonon potential, which facilitates the formulation of an expression for the relaxation time due to this phenomenon. The numerical results related to the Scattering Rate and mobility of this last contribution are finally inserted.