University of Illinois at Chicago
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Electroencephalographic Determination of Movement Termination for Use in Stroke Neurorehabilitation

thesis
posted on 2022-08-01, 00:00 authored by Andrea Benedetti
Multiple changes occur in the brain of a stroke subject after the incident, many of these changes affect the control of muscle contraction and relaxation. This single-subject study to inspected cortical activity while a simple motor task was performed. We collected brain and muscle related electrical signals with an electroencephalographic electrode cap and Electromyographic electrodes in our lab (Robotics Lab at Shirley Ryan AbilityLab), with the goal of identifying altered brain correlates preceding and following grasp termination, as a part of the research and development of a novel device targeting neurorehabilitation. This study gave us the chance to test our hypothesis: differences in motor performance of the paretic hand with respect to the non paretic hand were related to different cortical activation patterns. Here, we measured motor related brain activation through the behaviour of sensorimotor rhythms of the motor cortex. Our experimental set-up demonstrated the feasibility to record, distinguish, and quantify brain modulations related to muscle activation and relaxation, imposing commands through visual stimuli to the subject. This study showed how markers of the brain dis-inhibition action on muscles can be detected in stroke patient with statistical significance (p < 0,005; bootstrap permutation test) in terms of Power Spectral Amplitude respect to baseline of Mu (8–13 Hz) and Beta (14–25 Hz) rhythms; moreover, we detected differences in activation patterns (mean Power Spectrum pre and post task) between the affected and non affected side. These findings provided us the opportunity to investigate the alterations of cortical activity in stroke patients, allowing to formulate further hypothesis on this phenomena. Moreover, this study on the mechanisms of movement termination will potentially help the research and development of a novel device targeting brain and muscle activation to control hand exoskeletons for stroke neurorehabilitation.

History

Advisor

Patton, James

Chair

Patton, James

Department

Biomedical Engineering

Degree Grantor

University of Illinois at Chicago

Degree Level

  • Masters

Degree name

MS, Master of Science

Committee Member

Barbieri, Riccardo Loew, Alex

Submitted date

August 2022

Thesis type

application/pdf

Language

  • en

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