Emergent Spacetime in String Theory
thesisposted on 2013-06-28, 00:00 authored by Tiziana Vistarini
The general theory of relativity, the most far-reaching of Einstein’s scientific achievements, describes spacetime as the medium of gravity. This fact characterizes spacetime as one of the fundamental dynamical objects of the theory, necessary element in its description of reality. It is widely known that a quantum theory of gravity radically changes this idea of spacetime as being part of a fundamental description of our physical world. Despite far from being a complete quantum theory of gravity, string theory is one of the most promising approach to it. The theory has the good property of predicting gravity and it seems to deliver a view in which ordinary spacetime, no longer a fundamental tile of reality, emerges from its dynamical equations. My dissertation is an analysis of the emergent nature of spacetime in string theory. The notion of emergence is involved in many philosophical disputes and it branches off in a multitude of different subjects. In this work I shall not examine all its declinations. My focus will be instead only on some particular uses of this notion which are central to the current debate on the fate of spacetime in string theory: spacetime emergence in the contest of theoretical dualities, in particular T-duality, and spacetime emergence in the context of time-space non-commutativity. The analysis unravels through a presentation of the main scientific literature on the topic, along with a presentation of my interpretational proposals.
Degree GrantorUniversity of Illinois at Chicago
Committee MemberHilbert, David Jarrett, Jon Licht, Arthur Davey, Kevin
String theorynotion of emergence in physicsemergence of physical theoriesemergent spacetimetheoretical dualitiesnon-commutative geometrymoduli space of a theoryfundamental description of physical world versus emergent descriptions of the samespacetime emergence through low-energy limitsspacetme emergence through space-time non commutativity