Essays in Applied Microeconomics
thesisposted on 2018-02-08, 00:00 authored by Maryam Mirza
The direct effects of policies receive much attention; however, the indirect effects are understudied. This dissertation is the study of unintended consequences of policies designed to increase human capital. The first policy relates to health: the effect of restrictions on tobacco advertising, aimed at reducing cigarette consumption, on market-concentration. I find support for a positive relationship between restrictions on advertising and HHI in the tobacco industry. This represents an importance trade-off for policy makers: on one hand, advertising restrictions are likely to smoking, and on the other hand, by leading to an increase in market-concentration, they may be giving more power to tobacco companies. The second policy relates to education: conditional cash transfers to girls enrolled in secondary school, aimed at increasing educational outcomes and bridging gender gap in education. I analyze the impact of having an eligible older sister on educational outcomes of younger siblings, separately for brothers and sisters. I find that conditional cash transfers are successful in increasing enrollment of girls of eligible cohorts but have no impact on the enrollment of younger ineligible cohorts of boys and girls.
AdvisorChaloupka, Frank J
ChairChaloupka, Frank J
Degree GrantorUniversity of Illinois at Chicago