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Evaluating the Effectiveness of a Latrine Intervention on Childhood Diarrheal Health in Nyando District
thesisposted on 2016-07-01, 00:00 authored by Courtney M. Babb
A study to measure the effectiveness of the Community Led Total Sanitation latrine intervention in Nyando District, Kisumu County, Kenya was conducted using a condensed cohort study approach. Interviews were administered with 210 parents or caregivers in the 100% latrine using community and 216 parents or caregivers in the non-latrine using community at the household level. The survey ascertained information on childhood diarrhea illness, water safety, latrine behaviors, breastfeeding, demographics, hygiene, behaviors, and co-morbidities. Water testing was conducted to determine E. coli and turbidity levels for 55 water sources in the locations. Anthropometric data was obtained for each child subject. The non-ODF community had a non-significant slightly higher risk of diarrhea compared to the ODF community. Covariates including childhood HIV positivity, children stool disposal, and income were positively associated with diarrhea in the non-ODF community. The non-ODF location had safer water than the ODF, suggesting that the lack of association between ODF status and childhood diarrhea might due to unsafe water in the ODF community.
AdvisorMehta, Supriya D.
DepartmentPublic Health Sciences
Degree GrantorUniversity of Illinois at Chicago
Committee MemberHershow, Ronald Heimler, Ira