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Haptic and Virtual Reality Surgical Simulator for Training in Percutaneous Renal Access

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thesis
posted on 31.10.2017, 00:00 by Andrea Faso
The haptics-based virtual reality surgical simulator project focuses upon the research and development of a tool for training in percutaneous renal access. By the use of virtual reality and haptics technology, the application allows trainees to learn how to correctly puncture a kidney under fluoroscopy guidance, by exploring a 3D virtual human body and experiencing real tactile sensations while touching the surface of skin, bones, kidneys and collecting system, lungs and vessels with a virtual needle. Since physicians rely mainly on tactile feedbacks to execute surgical procedures, the integration of haptics is indisputably essential for a realistic simulator, along with an accurate reproduction of the human anatomy. The haptics-based virtual reality simulator may represent an important tool for the basic training of the urologists in obtaining percutaneous renal access: practicing on this simulator is also likely to support trainees in the improvement of hand-eye coordination, in the C arm management in the operative room, in processing 2D radiographic images into 3D mind images, which is crucial for a good access, and in avoiding unnecessary X-ray exposure during the learning process.

History

Advisor

Luciano, Cristian Javier

Chair

Luciano, Cristian Javier

Department

Bioengineering

Degree Grantor

University of Illinois at Chicago

Degree Level

Masters

Committee Member

Ferrigno, Giancarlo Niederberger, Craig Kocjancic, Ervin

Submitted date

August 2017

Issue date

24/07/2017

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