## Hyperbolic 3-manifolds with k-free fundamental group

thesis

posted on 15.04.2014 by Rosemary K. Guzman#### thesis

In order to distinguish essays and pre-prints from academic theses, we have a separate category. These are often much longer text based documents than a paper.

The results of Marc Culler and Peter Shalen for 2,3 or 4-free hyperbolic 3-manifolds are contingent on properties specific to and special about rank two subgroups of a free group. Here we determine what construction and algebraic information is required in order to make a geometric statement about M a closed, orientable hyperbolic manifold with k-free fundamental group for any value of k greater than four. Main results are both to show what the formulation of the general statement should be, for which Culler and Shalen’s result is a special case, and that it is true modulo a group-theoretic conjecture. A major result is in the k = 5 case of the geometric statement. Specifically, I show that the required group-theoretic conjecture is in fact true in this case, and so the proposed geometric statement when M is 5-free is indeed a theorem. One can then use the existence of a point and knowledge about π1(M,P) resulting from this theorem to attempt to improve the known lower bound on the volume of M, which is currently 3.44 (Culler, Shalen).