The Effects of Financial Crises on the Current Account Balance

2013-06-28T00:00:00Z (GMT) by Yu Chen
This study investigates the effects of banking crises on the current account, using a panel data set of eighty countries over the 1980-2001 period. I adopt a dynamic regression approach and derive impulse response functions that estimate the detailed dynamic responses of the Current-Account-Balance-to-GDP ratio to a banking crisis. I find that banking crises produce current account effects that are substantial and vary over time, which suggests that, by omitting the dynamics, the cross-sectional regressions of most of the literature can be misleading. In particular, my estimates suggest that a banking crisis is followed by an improvement of the current account balance that is sizable and statistically significant. This effect is shown to be temporary, however, lasting for a few years before it dies out in the long run. These results are robust to a number of different specifications. This study also discusses a few interesting extensions related to currency crises and twin crises.