Estimation of tibiofemoral static zero position during dynamic drop landing
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The aim of this study was to assess the in vivo knee secondary motions intrinsic to flexion in isolation from actual displacements during a landing activity. For this purpose a “static zero position”, which denotes the normal tibiofemoral position to the static flexion angle, was introduced to describe the intrinsic secondary motion. The three-dimensional motion data of the healthy knee were collected for 13 male and 13 female young adults by using an auto motion analysis system and point cluster technique. First, the relationship between flexion and secondary motion in the static state was determined during a single-leg quasistatic squat. The static zero position during a single-leg drop landing was then calculated by substituting the flexion angle into the flexion-secondary relational expression obtained. The results showed that after the foot-ground contact, the estimated static zero positions shifted monotonically in valgus, internal rotation, and anterior translation in the case of both the male and female groups. For the time-course change, noticeable differences between the actual displacement and estimated static zero position were found from the foot-ground contact up to 25 ms after the contact for the valgus/varus and external/internal rotation, and between 20 and 35 ms after the contact for the anterior/posterior translation. In summary, the static zero position demonstrated relatively modest but not negligible shift in comparison with the actual displacement. The intrinsic tibiofemoral motion, or baseline shift, would be worth taking into account when examining the fundamental function and injury mechanics of knee during an impulsive activity.
Subjectknee secondary motion
in vivo motion analysis