Sexual Victimization and Hazardous Drinking Among Heterosexual and Sexual Minority Women
Hughes, Tonda L.
Szalacha, Laura A.
Johnson, Timothy P.
Kinnison, Kelly E.
Wilsnack, Sharon C.
MetadataShow full item record
Aims: Although research shows that sexual minority women report high rates of lifetime sexual victimization and high rates of hazardous drinking, investigators have yet to explore the relationships between sexual victimization and hazardous drinking in this population. In addition, because rates of these problems may vary within the sexual minority population, we examined and compared relationships between sexual victimization and hazardous drinking in exclusively heterosexual and sexual minority (mostly heterosexual, bisexual, mostly lesbian and exclusively lesbian) women. Method: Data from 548 participants in the National Study of Health and Life Experiences of Women and 405 participants in the Chicago Health and Life Experiences of Women study were pooled to address these relationships. We compared hazardous drinking, childhood sexual abuse (CSA), adult sexual assault (ASA), and revictimization (both CSA and ASA) across the five sexual identity subgroups. We then fit a multilevel general linear model to examine group differences in the relationships between hazardous drinking and sexual victimization and to test for potential interactions between victimization and identity on hazardous drinking. Results: Sexual minority women reported higher levels of hazardous drinking and higher rates of CSA and sexual revictimization than did exclusively heterosexual women. Revictimization was the strongest predictor of hazardous drinking among women who identified as mostly heterosexual and mostly lesbian. Conclusions: This study extends previous research by examining associations between sexual victimization and hazardous drinking in heterosexual and sexual minority women and by exploring within-group variations in these associations among sexual minority women. Higher rates of lifetime sexual victimization and revictimization may help to explain sexual minority women’s heightened risk for hazardous drinking. The findings highlight the need for additional research that examines the meanings of sexual identity labels to more fully understand differences in risk within groups of sexual minority women as well as how sexual identity may affect responses to and interpretations of sexual victimization.
SubjectAdult Sexual Assault
Childhood Sexual Abuse
Date available in INDIGO2011-05-27T18:35:27Z
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Measuring Prevalence and Correlates of Concurrent Sexual Partnerships among Young Sexually Active Men in Kisumu, Kenya Westercamp, Nelli; Mattson, Christine L.; Bailey, Robert C. (Springer Verlag, 2013-03)Our objectives were to: 1) compare multiple measures of partnership concurrency, including the UNAIDS-recommended definition and 2) describe the prevalence and correlates of concurrent sexual partnerships among young ...
Sexual Identity Mobility and Depressive Symptoms: A Longitudinal Analysis of Moderating Factors Among Sexual Minority Women. Everett BG; Talley AE; Hughes TL; Wilsnack SC; Johnson TP (Springer Verlag, 2016-10)Sexual minority identity (bisexual, lesbian) is a known risk factor for depression in women. This study examined a facet of minority stress prevalent among women-sexual identity mobility-as an identity-related contributor ...
Bostwick, Wendy; Johnson, Tim; Ramirez-Valles, Jesus; Hughes, Tonda; Dirkes, Jessica (Blackwell Publishing Ltd, 2016-08)Aims and objectives This study draws on a life course perspective to evaluate in a sample of sexual minority women: (1) the relationship between age at reaching sexual identity milestones and risk of suicidal ideation, ...