Magnetization Reversal and Configurational Anisotropy of Dense Permalloy Dot Arrays
PublisherAmerican Institute of Physics
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Electron beam patterned permalloy circular dots of 700 nm diameter with small separations were studied by magnetic force microscopy (MFM) in the presence of an in situ magnetic field. Images in the demagnetized state show that the dot is in a vortex state with a vortex core (singularity) in the center. Local hysteresis loops, measured by cantilever frequency shift in an external field, indicate that the magnetization reversal of individual disks is a vortex nucleation and annihilation process. By carefully doing MFM, nucleation and annihilation fields without MFM tip stray field distortions are obtained. Configurational anisotropy originated from magnetostatic coupling is found through hysteresis loops.